We welcome papers from both academicians and practitioners on theories, business models, conceptual paradigms, academic research, and consultancy projects.
Contrasting satellite images of Puerto Cabello in February and Juneshowing import shortages. One image from February showed the ports full of shipping containers when the Venezuelan government's spending was near a historic high before the Venezuela presidential election.
A second image from June shows the port with many fewer containers, since the Venezuelan government could no longer afford to import goods, as oil revenues dropped.
By Mayexperts feared that Venezuela was possibly entering a period of faminewith President Maduro encouraging Venezuelans to cultivate their own food. Over women stormed past Venezuelan National Guard troops into Colombia looking for food on 6 July Over 35, Venezuelans traveled to Colombia for food within that period.
The Colombian government set up what it called a Epidemiology paper ideas corridor" to welcome Venezuelans. It enacted "Plan Rabbit", encouraging Venezuelans to breed rabbits, slaughter them and eat their meat.
When oil profits began declining inMaduro began limiting imports needed by Venezuelans and shortages began to grow. Foreign reserves, usually saved for economic distress, were being spent to service debt and Epidemiology paper ideas avoid default, instead of being used to purchase imported goods.
Domestic production, which had already been damaged by government policies, was unable to replace the necessary imported goods. This has happened four times sincemeaning that the currency is worth, as of Decemberless than one ten-thousandth of what it was worth five years ago, since it has lost The rate at which the value is lost inflation is rapidly accelerating.
The first time the money took two years and two months an implied monthly inflation rate of 9. In the first few years Chavez was in office, his newly created social programs required large amounts of funding to make the desired changes. This slowed domestic production of such agricultural mainstays as beef, rice, and milk.
This in turn raised the merchant's costs which resulted in price increases for consumers. Maduro's government increased price controls after inflation grew and shortages of basic goods worsened.
He called the policy an "economic counterattack" against the "parasitic bourgeoisie". Price regulators, with military backing, forced businesses to lower prices on everything from electronics to toys.
Without settling its outstanding debt, Venezuela could not import the materials necessary for domestic production. Without such imports, more shortages were created since there was an increasing lack of production as well.
He also had his military oversee five of Venezuela's main ports. The military is in charge of food management now, and they're not going to just take that on without getting their cut.
General Cliver Alcala  An Associated Press investigation published in December found that "instead of fighting hunger, the military is making money from it".
Military sellers would drastically increase the cost of goods and create shortages by hoarding products. Ships containing imports would often be held at bay until military officials at Venezuela's ports were paid off.
Officials bypassed standard practices, such as performing health inspections, pocketing money normally spent on such certificates. The government would contract him for more than double the actual cost for products. Then the businessman would have to use the extra money to pay military personnel to import such products.
The businessman said he had been paying millions of dollars to military officials for years, and that the food minister, Gen. Antonio Rivero, Maduro "gave absolute control to the military", which "drained the feeling of rebellion from the armed forces, and allowed them to feed their families".
The military has also used currency control licenses to obtain dollars at a lower exchange rate than the average Venezuelan. The military shared the licenses with friendly businessmen to import very few goods with the cheaper dollars while pocketing the remaining dollars. Documents show that Gen.
Rodolfo Marco Torres had given contracts to potential shell companies. Two companies, the Panamanian located Atlas Systems and J. Democratic Senator of Maryland and ranking member of the Foreign Relations Committee Ben Cardin stated, "When the military is profiting off of food distribution while the Venezuelan people increasingly starve, corruption has reached a new level of depravity that cannot go unnoticed.
One member, 1st Lt.
Luis Alberto Quero Silva of the Venezuelan National Guard, was arrested for possessing three tons of flour, which was likely part of a more elaborate graft operation among the country's military. Doctors received threats not to release malnutrition data.
The government responded to the release of this information on the Ministry's website saying had been hacked.Shortages in Venezuela of regulated food staples and basic necessities have been widespread following the enactment of price controls and other policies under the government of Hugo Chávez and exacerbated by the policy of withholding United States dollars from importers under the government of Nicolás Maduro.
The severity of the shortages has led to the largest refugee crisis ever recorded. Topics provide a way to find more content about a subject and do targeted searching on JSTOR. These new topics are drawn from a thesaurus curated from 21 source vocabularies, and are automatically matched with a brief description from Wikipedia.
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. Areas of Interest Students in an SM /SD/PhD program in Epidemiology can select any of the twelve Areas of Research Interest.
Students are then required to complete elective courses and conduct thesis or dissertation research in this area.
|What Stephen Hawking's Final Paper Says (And Doesn't Say)||John Madiro I totally subscribe to the multiverse theory.|
Epidemiology Paper This will paper discuss one of the deadly disease in the world call Tuberculosis (TB). The goal is to prevent the disease and prevent the spread of the disease from the teaching that the community health nurse will provide.
Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clostridium difficile Infection in Adults and Children: Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA).