Solid waste disposal practices

What is a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill?

Solid waste disposal practices

Received Jan 1; Accepted Jul 2. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Waste poses a threat to public health and the environment if it is not stored, collected, and disposed of properly. The perception of waste as an Solid waste disposal practices material with no intrinsic value has dominated attitudes towards disposal.

This study investigates the domestic waste practices, waste disposal, and perceptions about waste and health in an urban community.

Methods The study utilised a mixed-method approach.

What do over 10,000 Solid Waste Professionals Know That You Don’t?

A cross-sectional survey questionnaire and in-depth interview were used to collect data. A total of household heads were interviewed in the survey and six key informants were interviewed with the in-depth interviews.

Results The results of the study revealed that The study also showed that Of those who paid for the services of private contractors, There was a general perception that children should be responsible for transporting waste from the households to dumping sites.

Conclusion Proper education of the public, the provision of more communal trash bins, and the collection of waste by private contractors could help prevent exposing the public in municipalities to diseases.

Domestic waste, Solid waste disposal, Perceptions about waste, Ghana Background Globally, millions of tons of municipal solid waste are generated every day.

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Urban waste management is drawing increasing attention, as it can easily be observed that too much garbage is lying uncollected in the streets, causing inconvenience, environmental pollution, and posing a public health risk [ 12 ].

The problem of solid, liquid, and toxic-waste management in Africa has come with urbanization in the developing world. An important feature of the urbanization of the developing world is the rapid growth of cities and metropolitan areas.

Solid waste disposal practices

The high rate of urbanization in African countries implies a rapid accumulation of refuse. Social and economic changes that most African countries have witnessed since the s have also contributed to an increase in the waste generated per capita [ 34 ]. As a result, municipal waste management constitutes one of the most crucial health and environmental issues facing managers of African cities [ 56 ].

Proper waste management is a public benefit and obligation. Improper waste disposal by one individual affects the entire citizenry, so, as a policy, countries have tasked every individual, establishment or institution to contribute significantly to the process of keeping their communities and environment clean [ 7 - 9 ].

In the colonial days, the population of the Ghana, then the Gold Coast, was below six million and waste was better managed. The waste generated in the s was less voluminous and less complex than today, consisting largely of leaves, paper and wood products, with little plastic or hazardous chemicals [ 9 ].

The poor waste management situation in recent years has led to a high incidence of sanitation related illness, such as cholera, intestinal worms and typhoid.

These are among the top ten diseases that have been recorded, which raises the alarm of a public health crisis [ 10 - 13 ]. In Ghana, problems are encountered at all levels of waste management, particularly, collection, transportation and disposal.

While existing waste disposal facilities are inadequate to deal with the quality and quantity of waste generated, more sophisticated systems are expensive and their maintenance requirements are high [ 14 ]. In Ghana, a study conducted at Kodiabe, which involved direct observations at disposal sites from five divisions, focused on the way in which refuse materials were disposed [ 15 ].

Similarly, a study done in Khulna, Bangladesh found that city dwellers think because they pay taxes it is the sole responsibility of the city authority to provide them with a nuisance-free habitable city [ 17 ].

Typically, local governments are responsible for the collection and disposal of the wastes generated within their jurisdiction, as well as for the operation and maintenance of their equipment.

However, local governments usually lack the authority and resources to provide a satisfactory and economically viable service. Effective and efficient solid waste management depends upon an equitable distribution of responsibilities, authority, and revenue between the national government and all the local governments [ 18 ].

However, there is a growing perception that inadequate education about the importance of proper sanitation account for poor waste management practices in Ghana.

Other factors accounting for this situation are poor attitudes and lack of concern about environmental issues, high levels of poverty and misguided waste disposal practices [ 1920 ]. As in many developing countries, waste management in Ghana is a complex issue that has been a major issue on the priority list of successive governments, local authorities, and international donors in recent years.GAO was requested to review the status of state solid waste management plans, the conduct of the open-dump inventory, and the impact of reduced funding on state solid waste found that over $47 million was awarded to states from October to March to develop state solid waste management plans and to conduct .

The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) is an organization of public and private sector professionals committed to advancing solid waste as a resource.

The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (Department) finds and declares that improper solid waste handling and disposal practices may result in environmental damage, including substantial degradation of the surface and groundwater and waste of valuable land and other resources, and may constitute a continuing hazard to the health and welfare of the people .

Solid waste disposal practices

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or the Agency) is publishing a final rule to regulate the disposal of coal combustion residuals (CCR) as solid waste under subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

The available information demonstrates that . Solid Waste Disposal Facility & Recycling. Pinellas County Solid Waste manages the landfill, Waste-to-Energy facility, and recycling programs. Waste Atlas is a crowdsourcing free access map that visualizes municipal solid waste management data across the world for comparison and benchmarking purposes..

Waste Atlas is made with the contribution of scientists from different countries and the utilization of published data. Any contribution is more than welcomed but the figures published are firstly checked for mistakes or inconsistencies.

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