The controversy surrounding the issue of animal rights

Specific complaints include livers swollen to many times their normal size, impaired liver function, expansion of the abdomen making it difficult for birds to walk, death if the force feeding is continued, and scarring of the esophagus. In modern gavage-based foie gras production, force feeding takes place 12—18 days before slaughter. Various American celebrities have lent their voices to this public campaign.

The controversy surrounding the issue of animal rights

Oil palms are originally from Western Africa, but can flourish wherever heat and rainfall are abundant. The industry is linked to major issues such as deforestation, habitat degradation, climate change, animal cruelty and indigenous rights abuses in the countries where it is produced, as the land and forests must be cleared for the development of the oil palm plantations.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, an area the equivalent size of football fields of rainforest is cleared each hour to make way for palm oil production. This large-scale deforestation is pushing many species to extinction, and findings show that if nothing changes species like the orangutan could become extinct in the wild within the next years, and Sumatran tigers less than 3 years.

Palm oil can be present in a wide variety of products, including baked goods, confectionery, shampoo, cosmetics, cleaning agents, washing detergents and toothpaste.

Demand for palm oil has increased rapidly in recent decades. This boom in popularity can be attributed to a number of key qualities of the vegetable oil, namely its high efficiency, producing up to 10 times the amount of oil per hectare in comparison with other vegetable oil crops such as canola and soybean.

Due to this high yield and the fact oil palms thrive in high-rainfall tropical climates, Malaysia chose to begin producing palm oil in the early 20th century followed by Indonesia some 60 years later.

Palm oil soon became a desirable choice for manufacturers, as it was made widely available, had a cheap price tag due to low production costs in South-East Asia and is diverse in its uses.

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In the years that followed, the impacts of palm oil production soon became apparent to the rest of the world and the oil became a highly controversial topic.

Malaysia and Indonesia, now the two highest palm oil producing countries, continue to rapidly replace their abundant rainforests with oil palm plantations. Though still eaten in Western Africa as an important part of basic food staple dishes, palm oil is used in a highly reformed form by most of the rest of the world and traded in an immeasurable amount of product ingredients.

The majority of palm oil produced is primarily used by Asian countries, but the demand in Western Nations has boomed in recent decades. Today, palm oil can be found in anything from cookies and ice-cream to shampoo and air freshener, and the average Western citizen consumes over 10kg of palm oil annually.

A major problem is that most consumers are uninformed as to which products contain palm oil that is causing severe environmental and social implications.

This is partly due to lack of regulations around the mandatory labeling of palm oil in many countries, leading to palm oil being labeled under more than different names. Politicians, organisations and members of the public have fought hard in countries such as Australia to implement laws on the labeling of palm oil, but have been unsuccessful.

Currently, a third of all mammal species in Indonesia are considered to be critically endangered as a consequence of this unsustainable development that is rapidly encroaching on their habitat.

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One animal of particular importance according to conservationists is the orangutan, which has become a charismatic icon for deforestation in Borneo and Sumatra. An estimated orangutans are killed each year for this development. The orangutan is a keystone species and plays a vital role in maintaining the health of the ecosystem.

An example of this being the spread of rainforest seeds in Indonesia, many of which can only germinate once passed through the gut of an orangutan, hence this primate is essential for the existence of the forest.

But the orangutan is not the only species affected by palm oil development; their situation represents the story of thousands of other species facing the same fate in South-East Asia.To arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves.

The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments (The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series) th Edition. Palm oil is a type of edible vegetable oil that is derived from the palm fruit, grown on the African oil palm tree. Oil palms are originally from Western Africa, but can .

Help Save Wildlife. By as many as one fifth of all animal species may be lost, gone forever.

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In recent times, hundreds of species have become extinct as a result of human activities. Environmental protection quickly is becoming a big issue in the election as more toxic algae blooms slime estuaries, kill sea life and choke coastal Florida communities with foul air.

I. INTRODUCTION. A majority of households in America have pets.

The controversy surrounding the issue of animal rights

[FN1] People form strong bonds with their pets and often consider them part of the family. [FN2] Unfortunately, large numbers of these pets wander from home or are otherwise lost by their owner.

[FN3] Some are taken off the streets by compassionate citizens and others end up in animal shelters where they may be adopted or euthanized.

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