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March 14, Science writing and editing: How to write scientific names The Latin scientific name of a species, be it plant, animal, bacterium, fungus, etc. For example, the domestic cat is known as Felis catus. Although the genus name can be used on its own there are several other species in genus Felis, for instance the wildcat, Felis silvestristhe species name never appears on its own.
The basic rule for writing a scientific name Use both genus and species name: Italicize the whole name. Capitalize only the genus name. In the past you would capitalize the species designation if it was derived from a proper name, e. Rules for abbreviating the genus name After the first use, the genus name can be abbreviated to just its initial: When a section of the text might be displayed on its own, you might want to spell out the name in full the first time it appears there.
For instance, some academic journals require that you write out the genus in full the first time it is used in the abstract, and in all tables and table captions. When you introduce the name of another species in the same genus, you can use the abbreviated genus name for the new species: If you are discussing two species that belong to different genera that nevertheless start with the same letter, say, Leopardus pardalis, the ocelot, and the Canada lynx, Lynx canadensis, it is better not to abbreviate their genus names.
Abbreviations of more than one letter: Some organisms, such as the famous study organisms E. Names of taxonomic levels above the genus level The names of higher taxonomic levels family, order, class, phylum or division, and kingdom should be capitalized but not italicized see Chicago 8. A common name that is derived from a genus name, such as gorilla, is not capitalized either see Chicago 8.
Names of taxonomic levels below the species level Below the level of species there are subspecies and varieties.
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The subspecies name is italicized. In zoology, the subspecies is not indicated by any label; it just follows the species name: If the subspecies name is the same as the species name, it can be abbreviated: The insecticide BTK is produced by Bacillus thuringiensis var.
The meadow contained several sedge plants Carex sp. The forest floor contained several species of pixie cup lichen Cladonia spp.
The species author and the sp. The author name is not italicized: The straightleaf rush is Juncus orthophyllus Coville. The name may be abbreviated.
The European meadow rush is Juncus inflexus L.
If the author name is in parentheses, that indicates that the species was originally assigned to a different genus. Wikipedia has a comprehensive entry on binomial nomenclature. A useful source on prokaryote nomenclature. Cambridge University Press, The before steps. The scientific writing process can be a daunting and often procrastinated “last step” in the scientific process, leading to cursory attempts to get scientific arguments and results down on paper.
Writing the Scientific Paper. When you write about scientific topics to specialists in a particular scientific field, we call that scientific writing. (When you write to non .
Writing the first draft of your science paper — some dos and don’ts A seasoned editor gives advice to get your work published in an international journal. Apr 14, · Writing is a vital skill that is applied in many areas of life, especially for those who are entering the workforce, whether they are doing so as an employee or a business owner.
It’s January 28th and I should be working on my paper submissions. So should you! But why write when we can meta-write?ICML deadlines loom only twelve days away. WRITING A SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARTICLE Robert S.
Day, How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 4th edition, Oryx Press, Phoenix, Earlier editions also good.
A bit more advanced, intended for those writing papers for publication. Fun to read. Several copies available in Columbia libraries.